Karita Research has conduced a study on Transparent Remediation Projects on contract from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. The project is done in cooperation with Wenergy (Clas-Otto Wene) and Kemakta Konsult (Bertil Grundfelt) as sub-consultants. It started in June 2004 and ended in January 2005.
As the awareness about the existence of waste landfills, contaminated sites and contaminated sediments, and their risks for humans and the environment, has gradually increased world-wide - so has the need for assessing and managing them in the best possible way. The technical complexity and potentially high costs associated with remediation require efficient, reasonable and democratic risk reduction policies and strategies.
Today there exists no generic methodology for risk assessment and risk management of these sites. However, high quality decisions means that the risk assessment, which often is complex with different dimensions of risk and substantial uncertainties, must be communicated with the public. The awareness of different aspects among decision-makers (which often can be found both on local, regional and national levels), the general public and other stakeholders should be high. Different alternative options should be considered and in some remediation projects also aspects such as municipality planning, infrastructure, local image and regional aspects are important.
Our project explored methods for participation and transparency creation in remediation projects. Especially, we showed how the Transparency Forum format with the RISCOM Model can help to increase the quality in decision-making. This was done by analysing case studies with already done or on-going decision processes in Sweden. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency has continued with the implementation of the RISCOM Model in a remediation project - The former Bohus shipyard in west Sweden.